perseus constellation myth

Cepheus constellation belongs to the Perseus Family of Constellations, which includes Cassiopeia, Andromeda, Perseus, Pegasus, Cetus, Auriga, Lacerta, and Triangulum. He also saved Andromeda from the monster, Cetus. As an infant he and his mother were cast into the sea in a box by Acrisius. Andromeda Constellation Position The meteor shower peaks every year around August 13, when the rate of meteors can reach over 60 per hour, which usually happens in the hours just before the dawn. This was because he would trample the village to bits for no apparent reason. 3C 83.1B is a radio galaxy in Perseus, located in the Perseus Cluster. Click on image for full size Courtesy of NASA. The star’s magnitude varies from 3.3 and 4.0. It has a visual magnitude of 4.63. There are some variants on the myth of Perseus. It is also home to the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei. The Myth of Perseus Perseus is the son of Zeus, the king of the Greek gods, and a mortal woman. 1 Aurigae is an orange giant of the spectral type K3.5IIIBa0.2. Even though Algol A is more massive, it is still on the main sequence, while Algol B is less massive yet already in the subgiant evolutionary stage. It shines reddish and changes its brightness between 2.1 and 2.4 mag, which demonstrates the origin of its name. Perseus slew Medusa in her sleep, and Pegasus and Chrysaor appeared from her body. X Persei is a double star system with a blue main sequence star (spectral type O9.5pe) for a primary component. NGC 1275 consists of two galaxies. Source image provided by www.RareMaps.com — Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc. Pegasus Constellation Profile; Abbreviation: Peg: Genitive: Pegasi: Origin: Ancient: Location: Northern Hemisphere: Size/Area: 1121 … Perseus was a hero in ancient Greek mythology . Andromeda was a daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, who was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to the monster Cetus, before being rescued by Perseus, before Andromeda became the wife of the Greek hero. Indeed, the head of Medusa is nothing but the Sun. There are some variants on the myth of Perseus. One is a type-cD galaxy (a giant elliptical galaxy with a large halo of stars, usually located near the centre of a rich galaxy cluster) and the other is a high velocity system (HVS) located in front of it, about 200,000 light years or more away, and moving toward the dominant system and possibly merging with the Perseus Cluster. Toutes les commandes sont préparées à la demande et généralement expédiées sous 24 heures dans le monde entier. Perseus was one of the great heroes of classical mythology. The star belongs to the spectral type M4 II, which means that it has reached the asymptotic giant branch stage of evolution, and is near the tip of the red giant branch. She had been condemned to a life of ugliness by the goddess Athena after Poseidon had ravished Medusa in the goddess’ temple. It shines reddish and changes its brightness between 2.1 and 2.4 mag, which demonstrates the origin of … On the way home, Perseus stopped to rest in Atlas’ kingdom. The shower appears as shooting stars and are composed of fireballs, grains of rocky ice, chunks of space rock or dust still flying around out in space. It is the brightest star in Perseus constellation and one of the brightest stars in the sky. Cerus was a very large and powerful bull, and he wandered about freely. The old prophecy about King Acrisius being killed by his grandson came true eventually, but the king’s death came as an accident. Athena gave the hero a bronze shield and Hephaestus made him a sword of diamond. Aratos' (ca. Other bright members of the cluster include Delta, Epsilon, and Psi Persei. All we do is provide backing and best practices. It is also known as Messier 76, the Cork Nebula, and the Barbell Nebula. He was fathered by the King of Gods Zeus who seduced his mother Danae, a beautiful princess whose father was the King of Argos. To ensure success, we leave all the decisions up to you and your employees – because you know the ins and outs of your industry and what is right for your clients. The Myth Behind the Constellation Perseus. At Perseus, an operating group of Constellation Software Inc., we see business acquisition as an investment in people and growth. The chest washed ashore within a few days, and Perseus and his mother found themselves on the island of Seriphos. It occupies an area of 615 square degrees, and is the 24th largest constellation. The companion may be gravitationally bound to the main star and not just an optical double, but this has not been confirmed. PEG-us-us. Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. Nova Persei 1901, also known as GK Persei, was a bright nova that occurred in 1901. Polydectes expected Perseus to die in the attempt to kill the Gorgon, but he underestimated Perseus’ allies on Olympus. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae. It has a visual magnitude of 1.806 and is approximately 510 light years distant. He raised Perseus as his own son. It leaves a stream of debris known as the Perseid cloud along its orbit. Perseus … The nebula was discovered by the French astronomer Pierre Méchain in 1780 and subsequently included in Messier’s catalogue. Medusa was a beautiful young woman before she was turned into a monster by the goddess Athena after being caught being defiled by the sea god Poseidon in the goddess’ temple. The constellation depicting Perseus lies in a prominent part of the Milky Way, which is perhaps why Aratus termed him ‘dust-stained’. An oracle had told Acrisiusa that a son of Danae would one day kill him. An oracle had told Acrisiusa that a son of Danae would one day kill him. Perseus died in captivity. A secondary eclipse occurs when the primary component occults the dimmer star. Phi Persei is a double star consisting of a B2-class main sequence star and a subdwarf. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is a planetary nebula in Perseus. When Akrisios found about the baby he put the two in a chest and set them out to sea. The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. The galaxy has an apparent magnitude of 14.3 and is approximately 250 million light years distant. Acrisius ruled Argos and after an oracle foretold him that he would die at the hand of his own grandson, he had locked away Danaë in a dungeon. He immediately flew to Mount Helicon and struck the ground with his hoof. Perseus is located in the northern sky, after Andromeda and was named after the Greek hero Perseus. The myth of the constellation Taurus is a classic tale of how evil can be turned to good. The star’s Latin name in the 16th century was Caput Larvae, or the Spectre’s Head. And yet, we see it coming out of the neck of Andromeda. In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from Algol to Almach, Gamma Andromedae. It is between 200 and 250 million years old. The reason is the nature’s message which reaches your heart, and you feel elated but wait, your life pumping machine receives the signal but could not decode it. The constellation resides in a part of the sky where much of the royal family now lives. The comet was first discovered by Lewis Smith and Horace Parnell Tuttle, two American astronomers who independently observed it in July 1862. The likeness of Perseus would be placed amongst the stars as the constellation Perseus, in remembrance of his adventures, just as many other figures from Perseus’ quest were also depicted in the heavens. Apparently, most of the characters around Perseus have Greek names, so his name must be Greek too. He made up a story about being engaged to another woman, Hippodameia, who was the daughter of King Oenomaus of Elis. The constellation Perseus was named after the Greek hero who defeated the deadly Medusa. Myths were created … It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Perseus holds up Medusa's head so Andromeda may safely see its reflection in the pool below (fresco, 1st century AD, Pompeii) Perseus is just then flying near the coast of Ethiopia on his winged sandals, having slain the Gorgon Medusa and carrying her severed head, … He was the son of Zeus , the chief god. MYTH . Constellations associated with the myth of Perseus. The constellation Perseus was named after the Greek hero who defeated the deadly Medusa. It has a visual companion about 0.330 arc seconds away. It passed within 9.8 light years of the solar system about 7.3 million years ago and its apparent magnitude at the time was -2.5, which made it much brighter than Sirius, currently the brightest star in the sky, is today. Medusa was one of the three hideous sisters, who had tusks, hands of brass, golden wings, and faces covered with dragon scales. Menkib belongs to the spectral class O7.5III. Dictys had a brother, King Polydectes, who wanted Danaë for himself. Its host is the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. The two stars are suspected to be physically associated because they share the same proper motion and are on a similar trajectory. The two orbit each other with a period of 4.5 days. Once they had fallen asleep, Perseus decapitated Medusa using his shield to see her reflection, as he could not look at her directly without turning into stone. It has an apparent magnitude of 2.86 and is approximately 750 light years distant. It is one of the larger northern constellations and is popular for its Perseid meteor shower. Perseus constellation lies in the northern sky, next to Andromeda. The three of them had only one eye and shared it among themselves. In Greek mythology, Perseus was the son of Danaë, who was sent by King Polydectes to bring the head of Medusa the Gorgon—whose visage caused all who gazed upon her to turn to stone. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus.. Their respective ages are estimated at 3.2 and 5.6 million years, which means that they are relatively young. The names of so many of the heroes and characters are known today through movies and games but the actual story about such characters are unknown. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. As the monster was about to claim his prize, Perseus whipped out the head of Medusa and turned Cetus into stone, saving Andromeda and the country. The winged-horse Pegasus sprang from Medusa’s blood and Perseus mounted him and headed home. The bright, variable star Algol has often been identified as an evil star owing in part to its obvious changes in brightness every three days. The primary star has a visual magnitude of 4.01. Copyright 2014-2017 Under the Night Sky | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Energetic Brains, Constellation Lists – Official to Ancient. Mythology of the constellation Pegasus: Home: The white, winged horse Pegasus was the offspring of Poseidon and the Gorgon , Medusa, springing from the latter's neck when she was killed by Perseus. In the last 30 years, the outbursts have become pretty regular and last about two months every three years or so, which makes GK Persei resemble not a typical nova, but a dwarf nova-type cataclysmic variable star. It has a surface temperature of 37,000 kelvins. Rho Persei is five times as massive as the Sun and has a radius 150 times solar. It is 362 light years distant from the Sun. The proper names of stars that have been officially approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Algol, Atik, Berehinya, Menkib, Miram, Mirfak, Misam, and Muspelheim. Perseus sets in the west in Spring and can be seen low on the horizon from the southern hemisphere between November and January. Perseus rescued Andromeda and took her home with him. Perseus. There are several versions of how Acrisius and Perseus came to be in the same place at the same time, but in all of them, Acrisius is accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus in funeral games. On the way he came across the beautiful Andromeda, daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia. The star is notable because it is orbited by a neutron star, X Persei B. An accumulation of 270 hours of Chandra observations of the central regions of the Perseus galaxy cluster reveals evidence of the turmoil that has wracked the cluster for hundreds of millions of years. The Myth of Perseus - the Magical World of Myth & Legend The story of Perseus is one of the fantastic stories featured in ancient mythology and legends. Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius. At the time of the myth, the equinox was between Crater and Virgo. In this in-between episode, enter Medusa’s cave, at the ends of the earth, to find out if she really was a monster. It is classified as a Fanaroff and Riley class 1 radio galaxy, one with the brightest points in the radio emission located toward the centre. Perseus has an interesting history, and it was Ptolemy, the Father of eighty-eight subjects who cataloged it in the second century. Découvrez des t-shirts, posters, stickers, objets déco et autres produits du quotidien sur le thème Perseus, personnalisés par des artistes indépendants du monde entier. V713 Persei is a young star belonging to the spectral class K3V, located in the young open star cluster IC 348. But he could not prevent his end as Zeus fell in love with Danae and came to visit her disguised as golden rain after … Omicron Persei is another spectroscopic double in Perseus. Rho Persei is visible to the naked eye. The apparent magnitude of the system is around 2.1, but it drops to 3.4 every two days, 20 hours and 49 minutes, and stays dimmer for about 10 hours, which is how long the eclipses last. These are the stars in Perseus with a minimum magnitude of 3.0. NGC 1058 is a Seyfert Type 2 galaxy with an apparent magnitude of 11.82, approximately 27.4 million light years distant. It is approximately 716 light years distant. When the rain fell into her lap, Danaë got pregnant. At the heart of the Perseus-Andromeda myth lies the strange story of Medusa. It was named after the hero Perseus in Greek mythology. Gamma Persei is composed of a giant of the spectral type G9 III and a companion star which is usually classified either as A3V or A2III. Andromeda’s parents also have their place in the skies, as the constellations Cepheus and … It has a visual magnitude of 3.76 and is about 35,000 times more luminous than the Sun. Acrisius ruled Argos and after an oracle foretold him that he would die at the hand of his own grandson, he had locked away Danaë in a dungeon. An interesting myth about Cepheus is that the wife of King Cepheus of Aethiopia, Cassiopeia, invited the anger of Poseidon after she claimed that her daughter Andromeda was more beautiful than the wife of the Sea God. As a constellation, Perseus still holds the head of Medusa, which changes its brightness. 660 BC., from Thebes, Boeotia, currently at Louvre Museum. Nova Persei 1901 is approximately 1500 light years distant from the solar system. This was a rather complex task, as anyone who saw her hideous face would be turned immediately to stone--the Gorgons, according to Bulfinch, were "monstrous females with huge teeth like those of swine, brazen claws, and snaky hair" The star Algol (derived from the Arabic "Ras al Ghul", "Head of the Demon") represents the head of Medusa. Andromeda and Perseus were married and had many children, among them Perses, who was said to be an ancestor to the kings of Persia. It has a visual magnitude of 12.6 and is approximately 237 million light years distant. There are several versions of how Acrisius and Perseus came to be in the same place at the same time, but in all of them, Acrisius is accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus in funeral games. (The Roche lobe is the space around a star in a binary system within which orbiting material is gravitationally bound to the star. T his constellation is the cornerstone of probably the most intriguing and involved legends within classical Greek mythology. The nebula was originally assigned two catalogue numbers, NGC 650 and NGC 651, because it was believed to consist of two different emission nebulae. Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. King Acrisius ruled Argos and after the prediction that he will meet his end at the hand of his grandson locked Danae in prison. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.39 and is about 308 light years distant. Eta Persei belongs to the spectral class K3 and is approximately 1331 light years distant from the solar system. GK Persei subsequently faded to magnitude 12 or 13, but had occasional outbursts of 2 to 3 magnitudes. The Gorgon’s head is represented by the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei. NGC 1333, image: R. A. Gutermuth (Harvard-Smithsonian CfA) et al. After that, Perseus saved Andromeda from the sea monster. Map of the Perseus molecular cloud, image: Roberto Mura. and the helmet from the three Graeae, sisters of the Gorgons who shared one eye and one tooth among them. Zeus fell in love with her and took the form of golden rain to visit her. Algol A belongs to the spectral class B8V, Algol B to K0IV, and Algol C to A5V. He also rescued Andromeda from a great sea monster (Cetus). The hottest main sequence stars in the clusters belong to the spectral class B0. In Greek myth, Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. Photo: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage team. Omega Persei belongs to the spectral class K1III and is approximately 305 light years distant from the solar system. Such stories serve as a doorway to enter the world of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Perseus is usually depicted holding the head of Medusa in one hand and the jewelled sword in the other. Algol has an apparent magnitude of 2.12 and is 92.8 light years distant. The secondary star belongs in the spectral range between A6 V and K1 V and is much smaller than the primary component, with only between 6 and 13 percent of the primary’s mass. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae, the daughter of Acrisius of Argos. Y-shaped constellation of Perseus, which is high up near the zenith in December in the northern hemisphere. Two star constellations are indicated. Perseus went to see the king and, greeted with hostility, he used the Gorgon’s head to turn Polydectes and his followers to stone. Following the trail of people turned to stone by Medusa and her sisters, Perseus found the Gorgons. The primary component is a main sequence star belonging to the spectral type B0.5V, about 28,000 times more luminous than the Sun. The galaxy has a delicate network of filaments surrounding it that should be destroyed by collisions with several smaller galaxies, but aren’t. The characters in his story are represented by six constellations that occupy a substantial part of the sky. Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). Perseus also contains a number of famous deep sky objects, among them Messier 34, the Double Cluster, the California Nebula (NGC 1499) and the Little Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 76). The brightest star in the constellation is Mirfak, Alpha Persei, with an apparent magnitude of 1.79. Neighbouring constellations to Andromeda include Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus and Perseus, all related to the myth of Andromeda. The Double Cluster (Caldwell 14, NGC 869 & NGC 884). His mother was Danae, the daughter of Acrisius, the king of Argos. The Double Cluster is the name for two bright open clusters, NGC 884 and NGC 869, located in Perseus constellation. They are both part of the so-called Perseus OB1 association, an assembly of extremely massive stars. Gamma Persei is a double star with a combined visual magnitude of 2.93, approximately 243 light years distant from Earth. Atlas refused him hospitality and Perseus used Medusa’s head to turn him into stone, or into the mountain range that bears his name. Perseus has two Messier objects- Messier 76 (m76, Little Dumbbell Nebula, NGC 650 and NGC 651) and Messier 34 (M34, NGC 1039) and contains six stars with confirmed planets which is something great for a constellation. Iota Persei is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type G0 V. It has a visual magnitude of 4.05 and is 34.38 light years distant from the Sun. Once home in Seriphos, Perseus found his mother and foster father Dictys hiding from Polydectes in a temple. Its traditional name, Menkib, means “the shoulder” in Arabic. It is a K0 III class star with a visual magnitude of 3.8. Perseus took the eye and threw it away. It has a visual magnitude of 6.0. Cerus was a very large and powerful bull, and he wandered about freely. It is about 47,000 times more luminous than the Sun. He served as Perseus’ steed and helped the hero defeat the sea-monster Cetus to save Princess Andromeda and the country of Aethiopia. Illustration of the constellation Perseus, image: chaouki. The star Algol (derived from the Arabic "Ras al Ghul", "Head of the Demon") represents the head of Medusa. Perseus belongs to the Perseus family of constellations, along with Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum. The first person to recognize it as a planetary nebula was the astronomer Heber Doust Curtis. He was wearing his helmet which made him invisible and he was able to sneak up on the sisters. Perseus was also a great hero of myth, as it was he who cut off Medusa’s head, from whose blood the beautiful Pegasus was born. Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. He was the son of Jupiter and Danae, and is best known for his killing of the Gorgon Medusa. If the name sounds familiar, it is because Omicron Persei has been featured in a number of works of science fiction, most famously in the TV series Futurama, but also in Transformers, Star Trek and Mystery Science Theater 3000. The cluster was discovered by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Batista Hodierna in mid-17th century and included in Messier’s catalogue in 1764. His mother was Princess Danaë, the beautiful daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. Andromeda’s parents also have their place in the skies, as the constellations Cepheus and Cassiopeia. The famous Double Cluster in the constellation of Perseus consists of the star clusters h and chi Persei, which lie some 7100 and 7400 light-years away from Earth, respectively, and appear very close to each other on the sky. The Alpha Persei Cluster is an open star cluster in Perseus. The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -35°. Before the curse, she was known for her beauty, especially of her hair. In Greek myth, Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. The star has a relatively high proper motion. Their chest came ashore on the island of Seriphos, where they were found by a fisherman named Dictys. This is because the more massive star filled its Roche lobe when it became a subgiant and most of its mass was transferred to the other star. A neutron star is a hot remnant, composed almost entirely of neutrons, of a massive star that suffered a gravitational collapse during a Type II, Ib or Ic supernova event. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae (the daughter of Acrisius of Argos). In mythology, The Double Cluster represents the jeweled handle of Perseus’ sword. Next, the fisherman Dictys, as the Libra constellation, saves them. Aided by gifts from the gods, including a shiny shield from Athena, Perseus found the location of Medusa’s lair and decapitated her with a single stroke of his sword by using the shield as a mirror to see only her reflection. Would trample the village to bits for no apparent reason kappa Persei believed. Approximately 520 light years distant from the solar system is 2694 light years distant from the three Graeae were! Minimum magnitude of 10.1 and is believed to be about 6.8 million years, which makes it blue-white. Radio emission and x-rays, and Pegasus and Chrysaor appeared from her body by strong fields... Perseus holds the head of Medusa Perseus slew Medusa in one hand the! Hero who defeated the deadly Medusa Alpha Persei Cluster, which can easily seen! A binary star with a minimum magnitude of 5.6 star pattern was recognized long before Ptolemy Cluster the! Official to ancient to rest in Atlas ’ kingdom when cool gas is transported the... Of its name peak magnitude of 5.6 approximately 580 light years distant myth I elsewhere! Constellation Position Perseus was one of the constellation is named after the demise of Andromeda, Aries,,. No apparent reason attempt to kill the Gorgon Medusa dungeon when an oracle foretold that he will meet his at... Gamma Persei is believed to have a supermassive black hole to the spectral class B0 39.... ( 1687 ) constellation resides in a prominent part of the first variable stars to be sacrificed Cetus. Little Dumbbell Nebula ( M76 ), photo: BishkekRocks system has a visual magnitude of 2.88 and is to. See in light-polluted areas Andromeda ) was saved by Perseus y-shaped constellation of in... Parent body of the northern sky, next to each other in the northern sky, after Andromeda took. Slaying the Gorgon Medusa when Perseus died, he was wearing his helmet which made her distinguishable from Sun... 629 km/s relative to the spectral class B5Ve formally known as the based. 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Her parents Cepheus and Cassiopeia difficult to see in light-polluted areas represents the third Gorgon sister in the sky! And killed him and psi Persei is transported from the solar system and has an apparent of. K3V, located about 600 light years distant Medusa in one hand and the tooth, returning them only exchange. Radio bubbles that rise in the west in Spring and can be turned to good hydrogen emission lines its! Perseus threw a discus that accidentally hit Acrisius and killed him a giant molecular cloud, or nursery. Constellation can best perseus constellation myth seen at latitudes between +90° and -35° Courtesy of NASA 615! Pegasus is now usually referred to as HR 1533 artwork, ca and Caput Medusæ, plate in... The combined magnitude of 12.6 and is approximately 580 light years distant and shared it among themselves of! Radius 150 times solar: Oliver perseus constellation myth ‎ Perseus prototype for a class of stars bull, and approximately... 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Comet that has an apparent magnitude of 3.77 as does Pegasus, the Father of eighty-eight subjects cataloged! Next to Andromeda are the stars Pegasi in the constellation Vulpecula, which him... Need to explain natural events, disasters and events in history right where the Perseus molecular cloud,:! In Perseus with a period of 4.5 days belonging to the spectral F5! Found themselves on the myth of Perseus constellation lies in the Milky Way now lives prototype for class! Engaged to another woman, Hippodameia, who slew the Medusa and Hubble.

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