mexico city facts

[38] It was also the site of two major riots in the seventeenth century, one in 1624, the other in 1692. Due to these initiatives and others, the air quality in Mexico City has begun to improve; it is cleaner than it was in 1991, when the air quality was declared to be a public health risk for 355 days of the year. [26] Because of a clause in the Mexican Constitution, however, as it is the seat of the powers of the federation, it can never become a state, or the capital of the country has to be relocated elsewhere. Since 1997 the prison population has increased by more than 500%. Aeroméxico (Skyteam) is based at this airport, and provide codeshare agreements with non-Mexican airlines that span the entire globe. The SSP is charged with maintaining public order and safety in the heart of Mexico City. This armada of taxis serves the population of 9,000,000. Mexico City is divided into 40 electoral constituencies of similar population which elect one representative by the plurality voting system, locally called "uninominal deputies". Mexico City is the oldest city in the Americas. Nahuatl, Otomi, Mixtec, Zapotec and Mazahua are the indigenous languages with the greatest number of speakers in Mexico City.[121]. XEW 2 (Televisa W),[198] Bicycle-service users have access to several permanent Ciclovías (dedicated bike paths/lanes/streets), including ones along Paseo de la Reforma and Avenida Chapultepec as well as one running 59 kilometers (37 miles) from Polanco to Fierro del Toro, which is located south of Cumbres del Ajusco National Park, near the Morelos state line. Founded in 1325, its original name was Tenochtitlan (in the Nahuatl language), and it served as the capital of the Aztec Empire, which had a population of roughly 300,000—larger than any European city at that time. 5. [146] It is heavily subsidized, and has some of the lowest fares in the world, each trip costing 5.00 pesos (roughly US$0.27) from 05:00 am to midnight. The two largest media companies in the Spanish-speaking world, Televisa and TV Azteca, are headquartered in Mexico City. In addition, the prestigious University of California maintains a campus known as "Casa de California" in the city. Mexico City is built over the ruins of a great Aztec city, Tenochtitlán. In recent years, much of northern Mexico City's industry has moved to nearby municipalities in the State of Mexico. [177] The Universidad Tecnológica de México is also in Mexico City. Eventually I’ll reach Guatemala and other Central American countries. West of Santa Fe district are the pine forests of the Desierto de los Leones National Park. 59. Franciscan friar Toribio de Benavente Motolinia, one of the Twelve Apostles of Mexico who arrived in New Spain in 1524, described the rebuilding of the city as one of the afflictions or plagues of the early period: The seventh plague was the construction of the great City of Mexico, which, during the early years used more people than in the construction of Jerusalem. [36] Cortés and his allies landed their forces in the south of the island and slowly fought their way through the city. With a population of 21 million, Mexico City is the largest city in the Western Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world. [80], The area receives about 820 millimeters (32 in) of annual rainfall, which is concentrated from May through October with little or no precipitation the remainder of the year. [69] Lake Texcoco was drained starting from the 17th century. 8. [49], The concept of nobility flourished in New Spain in a way not seen in other parts of the Americas. Some of the policies enacted included the installation of 11,000 security cameras around the city and a very large expansion of the police force. Originally the monument was to be the main dome of Diaz's new senate hall, but when the revolution erupted only the dome of the senate hall and its supporting pillars were completed, this was subsequently seen as a symbol by many Mexicans that the Porfirian era was over once and for all and as such, it was turned into a monument to victory over Diaz. Mexican Food It was also the objective of one of the two French invasions to Mexico (1861–1867), and occupied for a year by American troops in the framework of the Mexican–American War (1847–1848). Mexico City is home to the world’s largest taxi fleet of 100,000 taxis running every day. 's candidate, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, and a coalition of left-wing parties led by Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, son of the former president Lázaro Cárdenas. XEIMT 22, When the Spaniards arrived, the Aztec Empire had reached much of Mesoamerica, touching both the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. The city has a Statute of Government, and as of its ratification on 31 January 2017, a constitution,[93][94] similar to the states of the Union. Coyoacán was the first village in America. [46] At intervals Zócalo was where major celebrations took place as well as executions. This season is subdivided into a cold winter period and a warm spring period. A major labor draft, the desagüe, compelled thousands of Indians over the colonial period to work on infrastructure to prevent flooding. Street vendors ply their trade from stalls in the tianguis as well as at non-officially controlled concentrations around metro stations and hospitals; at plazas comerciales, where vendors of a certain "theme" (e.g. 360,265) Its official currency is Peso (MXN). 1,185,772) It is said to have the largest private contemporary art collection in Latin America and hosts pieces from its permanent collection as well as traveling exhibits by leading contemporary artists. Under the PRI, political power became more centralized in Mexico City, which continued to benefit at the cost of other regions in the nation. Population: 125,959,205 (July 2018 est.) [52], The Mexican Federal District was established by the new government and by the signing of their new constitution, where the concept of a federal district was adapted from the United States Constitution. In 1903, Porfirio Díaz largely reduced the powers of the municipalities within the Federal District. Electric transport other than the metro also exists, in the form of several Mexico City trolleybus routes and the Xochimilco Light Rail line, both of which are operated by Servicio de Transportes Eléctricos. [36], The rapid development of Mexico City as a center for modernist architecture was most fully manifested in the mid-1950s construction of the Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City, the main campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Mexico City has the highest taxi population in the world. Tons of fresh produce are trucked in from all over Mexico every day. Benito Juárez (pop. It is so enormous that most visitors are amazed by its size when they fly into the city at night, witnessing the ocean of twinkling lights. However, the project was left unfinished and they were only able to place the column's socket (the "zócalo"), which remained there for several years. It was inaugurated on 2 February 1999. Mexico City is served by Mexico City International Airport (IATA Airport Code: MEX). The 2009 population for the city proper was approximately 8.84 million people,[17] with a land area of 1,485 square kilometers (573 sq mi). CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, List of pre-columbian archaeological sites in Mexico City, subsidence due to overextraction of groundwater, massacre of an unknown number of protesting students, Palace of the Inquisition (now Museum of Mexican Medicine), Lic. This airport is Latin America's busiest, with daily flights to United States and Canada, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Europe and Asia. Total Population: 130,759,074 people. Northwest of Mexico City itself is Ciudad Satélite, a vast middle-class to upper-middle-class residential and business area. XHTRES 28, The Legislative Assembly of Mexico City is formed, as it is the case for state legislatures in Mexico, by both single-seat and proportional seats, making it a system of parallel voting. Because of its construction on a lake basin, Mexico City is constantly sinking slowly. [90], Due in large part to the persuasion of representative Servando Teresa de Mier, Mexico City was chosen because it was the center of the country's population and history, even though Querétaro was closer to the center geographically. The ruins contained, among other things, a ceremonial Mexica center, located right at the Pino Suárez station. [86] Despite the cleanup, the metropolitan area is still the most ozone-polluted part of the country, with ozone levels 2.5 times beyond WHO-defined safe limits. The city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded by the Mexica people in 1325. The first place ever built in Mexico was the Palacio Virreinal (or "Viceroyal Palace") in 1526. As of 2007[update], the approximately 28,000 peseros carried up to 60 percent of the city's passengers. Other iconic city parks include the Alameda Central historic center, a city park since colonial times and renovated in 2013; Parque México and Parque España in the hip Condesa district; Parque Hundido and Parque de los Venados in Colonia del Valle, and Parque Lincoln in Polanco. "come on, come on"), who ask drivers for a fee to park. 150m+ Buildings: 24 Completed • 7 Under Constr. Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México; abbreviated CDMX) is the capital and largest city of Mexico.It is also one of the most populous and polluted cities in the world. Mexico’s geography The most recognizable icon of Mexico City is the golden Angel of Independence on the wide, elegant avenue Paseo de la Reforma, modeled by the order of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico after the Champs-Élysées in Paris. Heads of government are elected for a six-year period without the possibility of re-election. The net migration rate of Mexico City proper from 1995 to 2000 was negative,[102] which implies that residents are moving to the suburbs of the metropolitan area, or to other states of Mexico. Mexico City is also home to large communities of expatriates and immigrants from the rest of North America (U.S. and Canada), from South America (mainly from Argentina and Colombia, but also from Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Venezuela), from Central America and the Caribbean (mainly from Cuba, Guatemala, El Salvador, Haiti and Honduras); from Europe (mainly from Spain, Germany and Switzerland, but also from Czech Republic, Hungary, France, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland and Romania),[122][123] from the Middle East (mainly from Egypt, Lebanon and Syria);[124] and recently from Asia-Pacific (mainly from China, Japan, Pakistan, India and South Korea). He and his government came to the conclusion that they would use Paris as a model, while still containing remnants of Amerindian and Hispanic elements. Three Nobel laureates, several Mexican entrepreneurs and most of Mexico's modern-day presidents are among its former students. UNAM's main campus, also in the southern part of the city, is home to the Centro Cultural Universitario (the University Culture Center) (CCU). @gaelgarciamunizg08, 22. Iztacalco (pop. In Mexico City, the Zócalo (main square) was the central place from which the grid was then built outward. After defeating the Saint Patrick's Battalion, the Mexican–American War came to a close after the United States deployed combat units deep into Mexico resulting in the capture of Mexico City and Veracruz by the U.S. Army's 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Divisions. stationery) are housed; originally these were organized to accommodate vendors formerly selling on the street; or simply from improvised stalls on a city sidewalk. [87], The Acta Constitutiva de la Federación of 31 January 1824, and the Federal Constitution of 4 October 1824,[89] fixed the political and administrative organization of the United Mexican States after the Mexican War of Independence. Interesting Facts About Mexico #1: Official Facts. Fees are kept low to encourage use of the system and during rush hours the crush is so great, that authorities have reserved a special carriage specifically for women. [citation needed] It also has a large collection of Dalí sculptures, and recently began showing pieces in its masters collection including El Greco, Velázquez, Picasso and Canaletto. Porfirian architecture became very influenced by Paris' Haussmannization. [citation needed]. [19], Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, making Greater Mexico City one of the most productive urban areas in the world. "6 Die As Snow Storm Covers Mexico City". While in 2003, the program still restricted 40% of vehicles in the metropolitan area,[166] with the adoption of stricter emissions standards in 2001 and 2006,[167] in practice, these days most vehicles are exempt from the circulation restrictions as long as they pass regular emissions tests. The historic district is also roamed by tourist police, aiming to orient and serve tourists. The official name of the country is the United Mexican States. [92], On 29 January 2016, Mexico City ceased to be the Federal District (Spanish: Distrito Federal or D.F. Mexico City is the largest urban center in the country. Today, it's known as the Palacio Nacional, or "National Palace."@paixaefoto. Mexico City The world’s biggest Spanish-speaking city, Mexico City serves as the capital for the Mexico formally called the United Mexican States. Architects Teodoro González de León and Alberto Kalach along with a group of Mexican urbanists, engineers and biologists have developed the project plan for Recovering the City of Lakes. It is also the most populous city and an important financial center in North America. A special case is that of El Colegio Nacional, created during the district's governmental period of Miguel Alemán Valdés to have, in Mexico, an institution similar to the College of France. Claudia Sheinbaum is the major of the city and Marti Batres is one of the senators. The high spending power of Mexico City inhabitants makes the city attractive for companies offering prestige and luxury goods. This led to decentralization[112] and a shift in Mexico City's economic base, from manufacturing to services, as most factories moved away to either the State of Mexico, or more commonly to the northern border. 3. There are, as of September 2013, 276 stations with 4,000 bicycles across an area stretching from the Historic center to Polanco. [141] A branch of the National University's CCU cultural center was inaugurated in 2007 in the facilities of the former Ministry of Foreign Affairs, known as Tlatelolco, in north-central Mexico City. A late seventeenth-century painting of the Zócalo by Cristóbal de Villalpando depicts the main square, which had been the old Aztec ceremonial center. those of José Guadalupe Posada and Manuel Manilla. From then, artistic expressions in Mexico were mostly religious in theme. Mexico is the 11th most populated country in the world, so it makes sense that its capital city, the heart of its commerce and culture, is also dense with inhabitants.Latino countries are well known for the centralization of their populations; many of these countries’ economies and cultural and social centers are housed in a single city, which is quite often the capital (think of Buenos Aires in Argentina or Lima … [citation needed]. In the Plaza de las Tres Culturas is the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco that is recognized for being the first and oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas[131] and the first major school of interpreters and translators in the New World.[175]. Huerta had abandoned the capital and the conquering armies marched in. The principal fish market is known as La Nueva Viga, in the same complex as the Central de Abastos. Approximately 75% (10 million) of the state of México's population live in municipalities that are part of Greater Mexico City's conurbation. Another piece of architecture is the Palacio de Bellas Artes, a white marble theatre/museum whose weight is such that it has gradually been sinking into the soft ground below. After nearly 700 years of history, Mexico City is one of the largest and most important human metropolises on the planet. [68] This valley has no natural drainage outlet for the waters that flow from the mountainsides, making the city vulnerable to flooding. The imposing Metropolitan Cathedral is easily one of Mexico’s and Latin America’s most iconic landmarks, given that it is the oldest and largest. [74], The region of the Valley of Mexico receives anti-cyclonic systems. 300m+ Buildings: None • 1 Under Constr. [62] Air and water pollution has been contained and improved in several areas due to government programs, the renovation of vehicles and the modernization of public transportation. Una Mirada a Fines del Siglo XX", "Los extranjeros en México, la inmigración y el gobierno ¿Tolerancia o intolerancia religiosa? But not only that. What's more, it has one of the highest economic growths in the world, and its economy is expected to double by 2020—placing it in seventh place, right after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Paris and London. Villagers from the countryside who continued to pour into the city to escape poverty only compounded the city's problems. Magdalena Contreras (pop. [43] 6. Mexico City contributes almost one fifth of Mexico's GDP (17%). Mexico City has three zoos. Mexico City is situated in a valley surrounded by mountains on three sides. [97] In December 2009, the then Federal District became the first city in Latin America and one of very few in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. The Acta Constitutiva de la Federación of 31 January 1824, and the Federal Constitution of 4 October 1824, fixed the political and administrative organization of the United Mexican States after the Mexican War of Independence. The first elected head of government was Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas. [107] In addition to street harassment, one of the places where women in Mexico City live in violence is public transport. Cuajimalpa (pop. [29] However, recent studies place the age of the Peñon woman at 12,700 years old, making her one of the oldest human remains discovered in the Americas. Other major higher-education institutions in the city include the Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM), the National School of Anthropology and History (ENAH), the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM), the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (3 campuses), the Universidad Panamericana (UP), the Universidad La Salle, the Universidad del Valle de Mexico (UVM), the Universidad Anáhuac, Simon Bolivar University (USB), the Alliant International University, the Universidad Iberoamericana, El Colegio de México (Colmex), Escuela Libre de Derecho and the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica, (CIDE). Mexico City is Latin America's leading center for the television, music and film industries. 4. Mexico City has the largest number of museums in the Americas and the second largest number in the world, second only to London. [174] This traffic exceeds the capacity of the airport, which has historically centralized the majority of air traffic in the country. [105] The weekly San Felipe de Jesús Tianguis is reported to be the largest in Latin America.[180]. The amendment was later introduced into the second article of the Statute of Government of the Federal District. Popular arts in the form of cartoons and illustrations flourished, e.g. [111] 5. [according to whom?] Members are obligated to publicly disclose their works through conferences and public events such as concerts and recitals. 11 Interesting Facts about Mexico. [50] The concept of nobility in Mexico was not political but rather a very conservative Spanish social one, based on proving the worthiness of the family. Read on to discover over 100 Mexico Facts, that are both highly interesting and entertaining fun, whether for interest sake or in preparation of an upcoming trip… This soft base is collapsing due to the over-extraction of groundwater, called groundwater-related subsidence. Chapultepec Zoo, the San Juan de Aragon Zoo and Los Coyotes Zoo. As authorities struggled to tax local taquerias, imposing licensing requirements and penalties, they recorded some details of the types of foods being served by these establishments. The choice was official on 18 November 1824, and Congress delineated a surface area of two leagues square (8,800 acres) centered on the Zocalo. Since the beginning of the 20th century the city has sunk as much as nine meters (30 feet) in some areas. [30] Studies of her mitochondrial DNA suggest she was either of Asian origin,[31] or Caucasian having an appearance like Western Europeans,[32][30] or Australian.[33]. Drainage was engineered through the use of canals and tunnels starting in the 17th century. Only a small section of the original lake remains, located outside Mexico City, in the municipality of Atenco, State of Mexico. Floods were not only an inconvenience but also a health hazard, since during flood periods human waste polluted the city's streets. September 23, 2020 by Danny Metrics. "No habrá más microbuses en la CDMX: Mancera" (Mancera states that there will not be any more microbuses in Mexico City), "Al término del gobierno de Mancera ya no habrá microbuses: Semovi", "En operación 69 autobuses Mercedes-Benz Revista Auto Motores Informa", "Inician operación 85 autobuses Mercedes-Benz en Corredor Chapultepec-Palmas – transporteinformativo.com", "Presentación del corredor Tacubaya- La Valenciana", "Cambios en ex Ruta 86 causan inconformidad entre choferes", "Encabeza Jefe de Gobierno inicio de operaciones de los Corredores Sevilla-Defensa y Toreo-Buenavista", "Inauguran corredor de transporte Palmas-Chapultepec", "Usuarios de M1 se quejan de exceso en tiempos de espera", "Abre Ebrard segundos pisos (Ebrard opens "second levels")", "Actualización Del Programa Hoy No Circula", "Mexican Emission Standards based on Federal Tier I Light-duty Vehicles up to 6000 lbs. 33. [37], Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order. @sal_rsan, 11. The Torre Mayor ("Major Tower") is the tallest building in Mexico, but will soon be surpassed by the Reforma Tower (Reforma 483), the BBVA Bancomer Tower (Reforma 506), and the Mítikah Tower (Real de Mayorazgo 130). Iztapalapa (pop. Economically, Mexico City prospered as a result of trade. The square is the second-largest in the world, and the first among the Spanish-speaking countries. Mexico facts. Victoriano Huerta, chief general of the Federal Army, saw a chance to take power, forcing Madero and Pino Suarez to sign resignations. Each icon was developed based on historical (characters, sites, pre-Hispanic motifs), linguistic, symbolic (glyphs) or geographic references. Mexico City is the 2 nd largest metropolitan area in the Western hemisphere. In the 2006 elections, the PRD got the absolute majority in the direct uninominal elections, securing 34 of the 40 FPP seats. However the regime concentrated resources and wealth into the city while the rest of the country languished in poverty. The most frequent reference was for tacos de barbacoa. Mexico has the second largest population of Roman Catholics after Brazil. Spaniards encountered a society in which the concept of nobility mirrored that of their own. With over 100,000 taxis, Mexico City easily has the largest fleet of taxis out of any city in the world. As part of the recent changes in autonomy, the budget is administered locally; it is proposed by the head of government and approved by the Legislative Assembly. Nonetheless, the annual rate of growth of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City is much lower than that of other large urban agglomerations in Mexico,[101] a phenomenon most likely attributable to the environmental policy of decentralization. However, according to UN’s... 3. Ever since, left-wing parties (first the Party of the Democratic Revolution and later the National Regeneration Movement) have controlled both of them. [26][27] A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, however, prevents it from becoming a state within the Mexican federation, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were to be relocated elsewhere. The house where Leon Trotsky was initially granted asylum and finally murdered in 1940 is also in Coyoacán. The Aztec people were here before the Spanish came and made Mexico City. The Devils play their home games at Estadio Alfredo Harp Helú[193] designed by international Mexican-American architect FGP Atelier Founder Francisco Gonzalez Pulido in collaboration with local architect Taller ADG. The Estadio Azul, which seats 33,042 fans, is near the World Trade Center Mexico City in the Nochebuena neighborhood, and is home to the giants Cruz Azul. [168], Street parking in urban neighborhoods is mostly controlled by the franeleros a.k.a. Paseo de la Reforma is one of the most important avenues in the world.@jaimeadrian9. Recuerdos de la patria perdida | La Crónica de Hoy", "Philharmonic Orchestra of the National Autonomous University of Mexico", The World's 50 Best Restaurant Awards: 2014, "The World's 50 Best Restaurants 1–50 2019". Every major neighborhood in the city has its own borough-regulated market, often more than one. Unlike Brazil or Peru, Mexico had easy contact with both the Atlantic and Pacific worlds. The city's main source of fresh produce is the Central de Abasto. 25. In 2013, Mexico City won a Climate Leadership Award for public policies aimed at improving air quality, and it was included in the list of the 10 cities with the best sustainable development. Mexico’s flag has a picture of an eagle eating a snake, based on an Aztec legend. 384,326), 9. Facts about Air Pollution in Mexico City 3: death and hospitalization. Do you have an idea for an article about travelling Mexico? 1,815,786) Three years later, a demonstration in the Maestros avenue, organized by former members of the 1968 student movement, was violently repressed by a paramilitary group called "Los Halcones", composed of gang members and teenagers from many sports clubs who received training in the U.S. On Thursday, 19 September 1985, at 7:19 am CST, Mexico City was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 8.1[63] on the Richter magnitude scale. As of 2009[update], 21,163,226 people live in this urban agglomeration, of which 8,841,916 live in Mexico City proper. It is south of Polanco district, and houses the Chapultepec Zoo the main city's zoo, several ponds and seven museums, including the National Museum of Anthropology. The Mexico City zócalo – or to give it its full title, Plaza de la Constitución – is one of the Mexican capital’s most well-known landmarks and plazas. The area of capital lies on 1,483 Km 2. Mexico City has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen climate classification Cwb), due to its tropical location but high elevation. However, summers are rainy and during the winter, it can get quite chilly, especially at night. Facts about Mexico City 1: General Information Mexico city founded on 13 March 1325 or about 698 years ago by Tenoch. The Aztecs thought the Spaniards were permanently gone, and they elected a new king, Cuitláhuac, but he soon died; the next king was Cuauhtémoc. Mexico City is served by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, a 225.9 km (140 mi) metro system, which is the largest in Latin America. [130] There are two Roman Catholic cathedrals in the city, the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral and the Iztapalapa Cathedral, and three former Catholic churches who are now the cathedrals of other rites, the San José de Gracia Cathedral (Anglican church), the Porta Coeli Cathedral (Melkite Greek Catholic church) and the Valvanera Cathedral (Maronite church). There are a multitude of venues hosting Spanish and foreign-language performers. The evidence consists of a burial in the first case, and of, Magnus Mörner and Charles Gibson, "Diego Muñoz Camargo and the Segregation Policy of the Spanish Crown,". District was created mexico city facts 1824 ( Skyteam ) is also a leading center for the presidency set... México and Arena Coliseo and freshwater lakes were Mexico City ’ s latest travel stories Mexico! Growing metropolitan area in Mexico were mostly religious in theme Chapultepec, the mosquito population dropped as the. 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