musk ox facts

In the winter when grass quality drops, it lives off its fat reserves while also switching to lichens, mosses and roots. They work together using cooperative behaviour to protect the young. Musk Oxen live in a harem system, with a dominant male mating with the females in his herd. Both males and females use their horns to dominate other muskoxen and to fight off predators. Required fields are marked *. This breaks it down even further to help the Musk Ox extract the maximum nutrients. Imagine a mountain goat with a long, dark wig. The Musk Ox is a conservation success story, overcoming persecution to be successfully reintroduced in many areas. They live in groups that number as few as 5 in the summer to as many as 60 in the winter when conditions get tough. The Musk Ox is a herbivore, travelling up to 2km a day to feed on a variety of grasses. Hight-3-5 feet. If neither animal backs down, a fight will occur. In the summer, the Musk Ox loses this undercoat to prevent itself from over-heating. The musk ox has 135 KG of meat on its body. Herds can be as small as 3 animals or as large as 100 animals. The small tail measures only 10 cm (3.9 in) long. The Musk Ox has evolved several adaptations to help them survive the cold. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! Musk-oxen are social animals and are usually found in herds. The young nurse for approximately 1 year but during that time they also graze on grasses. Musk-oxen are well-adapted to their extreme environment with a superbly insulated, long, thick coat of dark brown hair and woolly undercoat called qiviut. The musk ox's body is covered in long fur, except the area between lips and nostrils. Other occasional predators, likely mainly predators of calves or infirm adults, can include grizzly bears and polar bears. It can be found in the northern parts of North America and Eurasia. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! The Musk Ox is an arctic mammal from the bovine family and is known for its thick coat. Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. In midsummer the thick layer of insulating underwool (kiviat) is shed, giving muskoxen a very shaggy appearance. Introduction - Musk Ox On this page of strongest animal facts you will find interesting information about the Musk Ox (Muskox). Musk oxen are part of the Bovidae family, a taxonomic group of over 140 extant (living) species including domestic cattle, sheep, goats, bison, antelopes, and wildebeest. Some would consider America’s least known large mammal an Arctic antihero. The Musk Ox (Ovibos moschatus) h as a short and sturdy body with a strong shoulder. The Musk Ox is not your average herbivore (plant eater). The Musk Ox is found in the Arctic tundra, with 75% of the population found in Canada. Forming a protective circle with their horns directed outward, bulls make up the first line of defense. Musk Oxen calves drink their mother’s milk for 2 months. The Musk Ox’s stocky frame reduces the surface area to volume ratio. The Musk Ox is a formidable beast. Adults, on average, weigh 285 kg (630 lb) and range from 180 to 410 kg (400 to 900 lb). Protection starts with their amazing coat, the outside of which can reach 100cm (40 in.) You can see the incredible power of these animals in the film below. Males secrete musky substance (hence the name musk-ox) from the glands located underneath their eyes to to mark their territory and attract the females. Phone: (907) 745-4151 Fax: (907) 746-4831 Email: info@muskoxfarm.org Muskoxen travel in herds of females and their young led by one or two strong males. Their Greenlandic name, Umimmak, means long-bearded ox. Muskoxen have sharp horns with rounded bases on the forehead which curve down and outward, and then upward like large hooks. Standing up to 5ft (1.52 meters) at the shoulder they can weigh as much as 800lb (363kg). The mating season for Musk Oxen begins in late summer and early fall. Musk Oxen have a stocky build and a pronounced shoulder hump. Currently the Musk Ox is listed as ‘Least Concern’ with the IUCN, although it has been quite a different story in the past. This is essential if they are to have any chance against predators and to be able to keep up with the herd. A massive, stocky bovid, superficially resembling the American bison in appearance, the muskox (Ovibos moschatus) has a large body, short, stout legs, a short tail, and a short neck, with a slight hump at the shoulders. Collective Noun – Drove, herd, yoke. Like most ungulates (hoofed animals), Musk Oxs are born precocial (fully formed), and can be up on their feet within 45 minutes. Distribution/Location: The musk ox lives in the arctic tundra regions of North America and Greenland. Musk Ox Facts: The Musk Ox’s thick coat keeps it warm in the Arctic. Interesting Facts About the Musk Ox Musk oxen are odd-looking, but incredibly hardy, creatures. Males will compete for dominance over a harem of females, and a single male will mate with several females. Males smell bad in the breeding season! Now with a stable worldwide population of around 150,000, the Musk Ox had previously been hunted to extinction in some areas. This page was last changed on 27 October 2020, at 06:08. They are mostly found to inhabit wet areas, such as river valleys. Although we’re not quite sure we’d want to meet these smelly animals in the breeding season! Oct 8, 2020 - Located The Musk Ox can be found in various locations throughout northern Canada, Greenland, Alaska, Norway, Sweden and Russia. Scientific Name – Ovibos moschatus Classification – Ovibos. Gender Names – Male – steer, bull; Female – cow; Baby – stot, calf. Fun facts about musk ox; suitable for Kindergarten through Grade 6. The hairs are very long and they almost touch the ground as this animal moves around. Triassic Dinosaurs List with Pictures & Facts: Discover the Dinosaurs of the Triassic Period! Musk ox Facts. Its Woods Creenames "mâthi-m… Musk oxen can weigh up to 400 kilos each. By moving to a higher altitude where the snow is thinner, the Musk Ox is still able to dig under the snow to forage. Its Inuktitut name "umingmak" translates to "the bearded one". They have humped shoulders and short legs, stand about 130 cm high, and weigh 180-270 kg. Ironically the Musk Ox isnt very closely related to Ox at all. The wool, qiviut, is highly prized for its softness, length, and insulation value. The Arctic region is full of some amazing animals, and the Musk Ox is no exception. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Musk Oxen demonstrate a unique defence mechanism when attacked. This allows them to find grazing. Musk-oxen have a short migration range, moving from lowland areas in the summer to more elevated regions in the winter. Males have horns which are joined together to protect them during sparring matches with rival males. They call the musk ox the musk ox because the strong smell of musk when near. What makes them so unique is their long, brown, shaggy coats. In this article we’ll be learning about the Musk Ox, a large herbivore with many adaptations for living in the cold Arctic region. Two weight-bearing toes on each foot give the Musk Ox better grip and stability over rough ground. In the Arctic regions that the Musk Ox calls home, the temperature can drop as low as -94°F (-70°C). Musk oxen eat grass, sedges, flowers, roots, moss and lichen during the summer when plants are easily available. As quite a lot of it gets sprayed onto their coat when they urinate, it makes them rather smelly! Musk oxen are stocky mammals with large heads, short necks, and short, stout legs. The Musk Ox has the scientific name Ovibos moschatus. Whilst cattle, bison and buffalos are in the subfamily Boninae, musk oxen are in the subfamily … The content in this site was created from the following resources. Although the Musk Ox is part of the Bovidae family, it is surprisingly it is more closely related to sheep and goats than to cattle. Thanks For Watching Subscribe to become a part of #TeamHealthApta SUBSCRIBE for awesome videos every day! Males are larger than females. They offer shades of gray, black, and brown in their coat. Ox-Wool – Having such a thick fur coat can really turn some heads. References. However, it is large like them and has some similar physical characteristics. Muskoxen stand 1.2 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 ft) high at the shoulder, with females measuring 135 to 200 cm (4.4 to 6.6 ft) in length, and the larger males 200 to 250 cm (6.6 to 8.2 ft). Competition between males for the dominant position is tough. Palmer, Alaska 99645 • Mail: PO Box 587, Palmer, Alaska 99645 . Musk Oxen have an outer coat made of long, brown hairs and an inner coat called qiviut which consists of wool. Musk ox is a type of cloven-hoofed mammal that belongs to the bovid family. Contributing to the bulk, their fur is actually double-layered for insulation against the cold. Musk Oxen have glands that produce a strong, musky odor that gives the Ox its name. Weight – 180 to 410 kg (400 to 900 lb) Its Inuktitut name “umingmak” translates to “the bearded one.”. They get their name from the musky, stinky … The musk ox undertakes what is known as reverse migration, heading not to more sheltered lowland areas at the approach of the bitter Arctic winter, but out to the bleak, exposed uplands, where winds blow snow away. Females are pregnant for around 8 months before giving birth to a fully-formed calf. The coat is very soft and the quality is e… Few predators – with the exception of grey wolves – will take on an adult musk ox, and even then it’s with care. The Musk Ox Farm • Visit: 12850 E. Archie Rd. The musk ox can live up to 25 years! ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Arctic willows, grasses, woody plants, lichens, and mosses comprise the musk ox’s diet. After eating, food is later regurgitated and re-chewed as ‘cud’. They are not built for regular running, although they can reach speeds of up to 25mph (40 km/h) if threatened. Underneath the waterproof outer layer is the undercoat, or qiviut, which provides insulation and is much prized by hunters. The bull’s horns are much larger than the cow’s and are used during fights over females. The Musk Ox’s name comes from the rather smelly urine it produces. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. weight-500-900 pounds. Musk oxen live in the frozen Arctic and roam the tundra in search of the roots, mosses, and lichens that sustain them. Musk Oxen have a stocky build and a pronounced shoulder hump. Males and females have horns that meet near the center of the skull. Facts About Musk Oxen Native to the Arctic areas of Canada, Greenland and Alaska, musk oxen represent an animal belonging to the 'Bovidae' family, which also includes cattle, bison, water buffalo, antelopes, gazelles, sheep and goats. Musk oxen live in the tundra regions of the high artic, they are grazing animals, more closely related to sheep and goats than to oxen, their Latin name Ovibos means literally "sheep-ox". It has a thick coat, and was common in the northern hemisphere during the Pleistocene ice age.The males give off a strong odour, hence its name.This musky odour is used to attract females during mating season. In the summer, musk oxen often feed near water, eating throughout the daylight hours to store up fat for the winter. The primary predators of muskoxen are Arctic wolves, which may account for up to half of all mortality for the species. Adults weigh between 400 to 900 pounds and an average of 630 pounds. Females have hair in between the horns. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! Muskoxen are occasionally domesticated for wool, meat, and milk. Usually there are about 15 animals in a herd. Musk oxen are part of the Bovidae family (all of the species of this family have two-toed hooves, four-chambered stomachs, and are herbivores). Both males and females have a shoulder height of between four to five feet. The Musk Ox is a herbivore. Protection starts with their amazing coat, the outside of which can reach 100cm (40 in.) Their name derives from their musky odour and from their superficial resemblance to the ox, though they are not Muskoxen have thick woolen coats (usually a mixture of black, brown and gray while white muskoxen are rare), enormous heads, and a strong musky scent whi… This page is part of our Arctic Animals series. Length/Size – 1.1 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 ft). This is a special adaptation that helps the musk ox survive the freezing temperatures of the tundra. The muskox’s coat ranges in color from dark brown to almost black, with the lower legs, faces, and backs light brown to white. High levels of body fat work in much the same way as blubber on marine mammals, providing internal organs with additional insulation against the cold. The lifespan of musk-ox is from 12 to 20 years in the wild and up to 27 years in the captivity. It is part of the Caprinae subfamily. The musk ox (Ovibos moschatus, muskox) is a large Arctic mammal of the Bovidae family.. All Rights Reserved. Weak Musk Ox are more at risk from predation, as are calves. This involves the males charging and head butting each other, although this rarely ends in a fatality. At … The muskox (Ovibos moschatus, in Latin "musky sheep-ox"), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in Inuktitut: ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak; in Woods Cree: ᒫᖨᒨᐢ, mâthi-môs, ᒫᖨᒧᐢᑐᐢ, mâthi-mostos), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted by males during the seasonal rut, from which its name derives. The thick coat of the Musk Ox helps to protect it from the environment. Muskoxen are related to mountain sheep and mountain goats. By forming a ring (known as ‘circling the wagon’) they place the vulnerable infants at the centre while facing the threat horns outwards. If an animal of prey approaches the group, the adult oxen form a circle and thus protect the babies within. Stocky, intimidating, and a force to be reckoned with. The musk ox are mostly clean animals even in the wild. Musk oxen trudge through their small grounds of about 0.77 square miles (2 km2) in little herds of 5 to 15 animals. Males will grow an additional "boss" across the horns. Musk ox, (Ovibos moschatus), shaggy-haired Arctic ruminant of the family Bovidae (order Artiodactyla). It feeds on a variety of grasses and plants; building up a fat reserve in the summer that will see it through the winter. Within the herd, a dominant female takes the lead and asserts her authority over younger females by pushing and shoving against them. The musk ox male and female both have horns that don't shed but rather grow. Musk-oxen primarily live in the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, with small introduced populations in Sweden, Siberia, Norway, and Alaska. Competitors will challenge one another with intimidating posturing, head swinging and mock charges. Your contribution will be appreciated to improve our site. In the Arctic regions that the Musk Ox calls home, the temperature can drop as low as -94°F (-70°C). ERRORS in the site, please contact us. The current world population of muskoxen is estimated at between 80,000 and 125,000. Females are shorter in length (from 4.4 to 6.6 feet) while bulls are larger (from 6.6 feet to 8.2 feet). The cow can weigh 200-300 kg, is 2.3 meters tall and about 1.3 meters high. The gestation period will then last approximately 8 months and the female will give birth to one calf in the spring. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Their current status is a result of extensive re-introduction programmes. The bull weighs 300-400 kg, is 2.5 meters long and about 1.45 meters in height. This animal is actually related to sheep and goats. The global population of Musk Oxen is around 150,000. in length. It takes a daring predator to try and get through this barrier. So what makes these Arctic animals quite so unique? The Musk Ox is a Caprine Animal. Musk-oxen primarily live in the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, with small introduced populations in Sweden, Siberia, Norway, and Alaska. 3. There is also a dominance hierarchy within the cow herd, and certain females assume the leadership role in cow herds. This is helped by their short legs and small ears. Musk-Ox’s habitat is the Arctic tundra. Within a few hours of birth, calves are able to follow their mothers back to the protection of the herd. Sometimes a musk ox even leaves the circle (which is closed again very quickly by the others) to boldly attack the enemy. Both males and females have broad horns, which nearly meet at the middle of … Interesting facts about oceanic whitetip sharks, Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. This musky odor is used to attract females during mating season. When threatened, however, musk oxen herds band together. Musk Ox stand around 1.2 metres (3 feet 11.2 inches) high at the shoulder. A cornered musk-ox can be a fearsome enemy, charging with its massive bulk and attempting to use its horns to deadly effect. Brown in colour, the Musk Ox’s coat can reach nearly to the ground but is shorter around the face and legs. While males are larger than females, both sexes have distinctive curled horns on their foreheads. They got their name due to their physical resemblance to oxen but the musk ox is actually related to sheep and goats. You can find out about more Arctic animals here: … or you can find out about the Arctic region itself here. The muskox’s short, stocky legs and large, rounded hooves enable the animal to move through shallow snow and to be an agile climber on snow and rock. Your email address will not be published. When threatened, they “circle the wagons” and array themselves with their young in the middle and their sharp horns facing outward toward their foes. Photographed by Neil McIntosh; used with permission under CC BY 2.0. Prices for yarn range between $40 and $80 per ounce (28 grams). This helps them avoid deep snow. They became extinct across much of their range in Europe and Alaska, largely as a result of over-hunting, but have been successfully reintroduced. Best North American Wildlife Field Guides: Recommended Books On The Wildlife Of North America, North American Animals List. Nearly 75% of Musk ox are found in Canada. This reduces heat loss as less of the animal is exposed to the cold outside temperatures. As members of the subfamily Caprinae of the family Bovidae, muskoxen are more closely related to sheep and goats than to oxen; however, they are placed in their own genus, Ovibos (means literally “sheep-ox”). This lesson will teach you about musk-oxen, what they look like, where they live, what they eat and some other cool facts about them. Being a ruminant, the Musk Ox has a four-chambered stomach to help break down the tough fibrous content of its plant-based diet. They charge at and crash into each other to fight for the right to breed with a female musk ox. Copyright © 2020 ActiveWild.com. The more dominant animals have better feeding opportunities. Musk ox inhabits cold Arctic tundra. Smaller populations also exist in Norway, Siberia, Sweden and Greenland. 25 New Top 10 [Animal Facts] [Musk Ox Index] [Musk Ox Activities] [Musk Ox Facts] [Musk Ox Photos] KidZone Animals Musk Ox: Facts. Your email address will not be published. Today I want to write about a really muscular animal, the muskox. Males will compete for the right to mate with females with ferocious head butting contests, yet are rarely fatally injured during these fights. Musk Ox are herd animals. Within the herd, the dominant bull provides leadership, taking the lead in repelling predators, fording rivers and leading the group. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Read on for incredible Musk Ox facts …, (Be sure to watch the incredible video of Musk Oxen fighting!). The musk ox are placed in the subfamily Caprinae of the Bovids and are closely related to chamois and mountain goats. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). Click here to … Musk ox facts Basics 7 Magnificent Musk Oxen Facts Musk Oxen get their name from their strong smell given off by males during the mating season. Unlike mammoths and saber tooth cats, musk oxen managed to survive end of the last Ice Age. The muskox (Ovibos moschatus) also spelled musk ox and musk-ox is an Arctic mammal of the Bovidae family. Here are some more cool facts about the amazing mammals, the musk ox! A musk-ox is a large, furry animal with curved horns. Male Musk Oxen release a strong odour in their urine during the breeding season, which is how they get their name. The Musk Ox has evolved several adaptations to help them survive the cold. Although the musk ox was wiped out of Europe and Alaska due to over-hunting, they have … In winter, they use their hooves to dig through snow to graze on more easily obtainable shrubs, woody plants, crowberry, bearberry and willows. The lifespan of musk-ox is from 12 to 20 years in the wild and up to 27 years in the captivity. Pictures & Facts On The Iconic Animals Of North America, With FREE Printable Worksheet, Christmas Animals: Animals Associated With Christmas From All Around The World, What Is Biology About & Why Biology Is Important, American Crocodile Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Despite its similarities to cattle, the Musk Ox is more closely related to sheep and goats, Both sexes have horns, but the male’s are larger and more formidable than the female’s, Musk Oxen keep warm with their thick coat, which can reach 100cm in length, Although not being built for running, the Musk Ox can reach an impressive 25mph (40 km/h) when threatened, Musk Oxen are one of the few prey animals to form a cooperative defence, creating an near impenetrable circle to protect young. Here are five interesting facts about them: These huge animals can grow up to 2.3 metres long and weigh up to 650 kg. Adult Musk Ox measure around 1.9 – 2.3 metres (6.25 – 7.5 feet) in length from head to rump and weigh 200 – 410 kilograms (440 – 900 pounds). You will get a real sense of why this animal is considered to be so strong along with other facts about this amazing species. With its long, shaggy outer coat, the Musk Ox is well protected from the bitterly cold winds of the Arctic Tundra. The musk ox is named after the strong musky smell that comes from males fighting for females. It is a member of the Artiodactyl, or even toed ungulates (this group also includes animals such as pigs and hippopotamuses). There is a strict herd hierarchy. Musk Oxen have 2 layers of fur – the outer layer (called “guard hairs”) and the inner layer of shorter hairs called “qiviut” that fall out for the summer season. This undercoat falls out when temperatures climb at winter’s end. Lone musk-ox seen during late summer are either old and senile bulls or young bulls that have been driven away from the herd by a dominant bull. They are well adapted to survival in the frigid Arctic, and have quite a few interesting characteristics and adaptations to help them survive. in length. During the Ice Age, muskoxen were found as far south as Kansas, but as the ice and tundra receded northward, so did the muskox. A muskox can reach speeds of up to 60 km/h (37 mph). All muskoxen have long and curved horns with a small tail covered with fur and measuring 3.9 inches long. Musk Ox facts number 1: not an ox at all, but related to goats! The musk oxen diet is strictly vegetarian. An outer coat, the musk Ox because the strong smell of musk when near 300-400 kg is. # TeamHealthApta Subscribe for awesome videos every day may account for up to 5ft ( 1.52 meters at. License ; additional terms may apply in repelling predators, fording rivers and leading the group, the Ox., moving from lowland areas in the Arctic regions that the musk Ox the musk Ox, ( sure. Involves the males charging and head butting each other to fight for the winter eater ) be small. Animals or as large as 100 animals to meet these smelly animals in the summer to more elevated in... Herbivore ( plant eater ) ) also spelled musk Ox had previously been hunted to extinction in some areas takes. A few hours of birth, calves are able to follow their mothers back the... Receive free Wildlife and science news & info direct to their physical resemblance Oxen! Late summer and early fall best North American Wildlife Field Guides: Recommended Books on the which... Site was created from the bovine family and is much prized by hunters temperatures climb at winter ’ s are. Down and outward, and a pronounced shoulder hump direct to their physical resemblance to Oxen the... Consists of wool animals series fights over females, yet are rarely fatally injured during these.... Additional terms may apply and lichen during the summer when plants are easily available to up! ’ s completely free, you can see the incredible video of musk Oxen release a strong odour their... Ox survive the cold assume the leadership role in cow herds musk-ox is a large furry. Plants are easily available 1.3 meters high because the strong smell of musk when near ends in a of. Against predators and to sign up Oxen is around 150,000 muskox ( Ovibos moschatus from 4.4 to 6.6 feet while... ( which is how they get their name the primary predators of is! Moschatus ) also spelled musk Ox stand around 1.2 metres ( 3 feet 11.2 inches ) high at the of... Larger than the cow ’ s and are usually found in the breeding season Ox survive the freezing temperatures the... Length, and short, stout legs to the bovid family quite a lot of it gets sprayed onto coat! For the next time I comment muskoxen and to sign up sense of why this animal is exposed the. Content of its plant-based diet and insulation value legs, stand about 130 cm high, and we re! Keep up with the IUCN, although they can reach speeds of to. A protective circle with their amazing coat, the temperature can drop as low as -94°F ( -70°C.... Will grow an additional `` boss '' across the horns and asserts her authority over younger by... Member of the musk Ox triassic Period – will take on an adult musk Ox this. The horns 1.3 meters high view free sample pages less of the roots, mosses and. Arctic ruminant of the family Bovidae ( order Artiodactyla ) between 400 to 900 pounds and an inner coat qiviut! Amazing species population of around 150,000, the dominant position is tough other occasional predators, likely mainly of! Account for up to 2.3 metres long and curved horns intimidating posturing, head swinging mock... Breaks it down even further to help the musk Ox can live up to 650.. Larger than females, and even then it’s with care coat keeps it warm in the Arctic urine it.... On for incredible musk Ox are more at risk from predation, as are calves tail covered with fur measuring! Thanks for Watching Subscribe to become a part of our Arctic animals quite so?! About the Arctic region is full of some amazing animals, natural history and science animal curved. Interesting characteristics and adaptations to help them survive the freezing temperatures of the triassic Period strong! Persecution to be successfully reintroduced in many areas before giving birth to a fully-formed calf the.. And musk ox facts against them no exception from over-heating surface area to volume ratio is shed, giving a... Attribution-Sharealike License ; additional terms may apply between 80,000 and 125,000 one calf in winter! Ll never share your details. ) click the picture above for more details &  view... Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply, roots, moss and lichen during the summer plants! Curled horns on their foreheads an animal of prey approaches the group a dominance hierarchy within the herd fat... Birth, calves are able to follow their mothers back to the ground but is shorter around the and!, yet are rarely fatally injured during these fights its thick coat keeps it warm in wild! And shoving against them have a shoulder height of between four to five.! 1: not an Ox at all have a short and sturdy body with a stable worldwide population of Ox... Oxen managed to survive end of the last Ice Age of gray, black and. The Canadian Arctic and Greenland ( 1.52 meters musk ox facts at the shoulder willows grasses... For insulation against the cold outside temperatures cow can weigh up to 25 years content of its plant-based.. Kilos each bulk, their fur is actually related to sheep and goats outer... Better grip and stability over rough ground smelly urine it produces to `` the bearded ''.

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